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who benefits from SSV?

in short, all of Ethereum for promoting network decentralization and security. In more detail, stakers receive optimal validator performance and security; services can offer staking with more confidence and infrastructure resilience and at-home validators can significantly improve setup redundancy and operate highly customizable configurations.

what is trying to solve for?

The concept is to split an Ethereum validator key into 'shares' across several different operators, offering different staking configurations. In order to produce a validator key signature, a minimum threshold of shares is required. Less than this threshold and the key cannot be recreated for signing. Essentially, it is a sophisticated multisignature wallet with a consensus layer.

why is needed? can increase both liveness and security for Ethereum stakers. In the case that one or several operators in the network are compromised, a validator key cannot be recreated in its entirety and get the validator slashed. can tolerate some operators being offline while still attesting correctly.

how does protect against slashing? will improve both validator uptime and mitigate staking risks significantly. Allowing a staker with 32 ETH or less to confidently stake by assigning their validator across multiple parties in a trustless network. It also contributes to network decentralization by leveraging various operators and different configurations.

why should an operator join the

As an operator, you can deliver optimal service with far less risk. allows you to implement active-active redundancy in your ETH staking infrastructure and makes maintenance thereof far less painful given that you can now leverage your SSV cluster to maintain your clients’ stake while you take care of what you need to do.

who’s building SSV?

Ethereum researchers, stakers, and staking services. Check out the About page for more.

why should I choose more than one operator?

Single operators, despite their best efforts, cannot control for all forms of validator failure. The Ethereum protocol has stringent rules making it impossible to implement active-active redundancy across certain infrastructure components. If one of these components fail, your stake could be at risk. With SSV, operators are stronger together and can better optimize and protect your stake by leveraging a protocol that joins all of their strengths while removing operator specific downsides.